Fitness and Cardiovascular Disease

Fitness and Cardiovascular DiseaseIn addition to following a healthy diet and incorporating important heart nutrients, you must also exercise to maintain the health of your heart. Exercise can help you prevent as well as reverse heart disease. It is advised by experts that you should include a minimum of 30 to 60 minutes of moderate intensity exercise, three to four days a week.

Many studies have proven conclusively that making improvements to and maintaining your physical fitness will significantly lower your risk of developing heart disease and all other illnesses. Simple, regular exercise keeps your body in a healthy condition, and a healthy body can ward off disease much better than an unconditioned one.


Aerobic Exercise

The word aerobic means "oxygen-producing", and as such aerobic exercise stimulates the production of oxygen. Aerobic exercises include those where you are in motion including walking, running, biking, swimming, etc., exercises which make your heart rate increase for an extended period of time. When your heart rate increases, this means more blood is being circulated around your body, providing necessary oxygen to your cells and tissues. Regular aerobic exercise is very important for maintaining heart health.


Anaerobic Exercise

Anaerobic exercise comprises short-lived, intense bursts such as sprints and weight lifting. Whereas aerobic exercise is best for cardiovascular strength and endurance, anaerobic exercise is best for muscle strength and flexibility. This will help you maintain your health and avoid injury.

Before you start any exercise program, consult your doctor to make sure you do not have any heart conditions or other health problems that might prevent you from safely performing certain exercises. Your doctor also might be able to recommend a program that is right for you.